لغات مرتبط با Work and career ( کار ) در آزمون آیلتس

لغات مرتبط با  Work and career ( کار ) در آزمون آیلتس

لغات مرتبط با Work and career ( کار ) در آزمون آیلتس

زمان لازم برای مطالعه ی این متن: 4 دقیقه

1. productivity = the ability of people to produce useful results at work.

  • توانایی افراد در ایجاد نتایج مفید در کار. { کیفیت در کار}

Ex: Our country is not as advanced as some other countries in our industrial sector, because the productivity and quality are still quite low.


2. to subsidize  = to pay part of the cost of something, usually in order to help people.

  • یک نوعی کمک هزینه ای که از طرف شرکت به کارمندان برای برخی قسمت ها داده می شود.

Ex: The government could encourage children to be healthier by subsidizing swimming lessons and sports coaching at the weekend.

 

3. output = the amount of goods or work  produced 

  • خروجی محصولات یک شرکت یا مجموعه

Ex: In Europe, industrial output has decreased, maybe because of competition from producers in other continents.

 

4. work/life balance = the ability to work hard but also enjoy a good quality family and social life.

  • تعادل در لذت بردن از زندگی همراه با کار زیاد

 

Ex: People are working long hours these days, and so their work/life balance is affected, leading to stress.


5. to motivate people = to give them positive reasons for working hard.

  • ایجاد انگیزه در افراد

Ex: If employees are given regular feedback, they will probably be well motivated and committed. 
• committed = متعهد

 

 

6. pay increment = pay increases or pay rises

  • افزایش حقوق

Ex: In my country, pay increment have been very low because of the financial crisis. 

• crisis= بحران

 

7. perks= reward from an employer which are not financial ( e.g free car, free lunches and  …)

  • مزایای غیر مالی

Ex: Personally, I would like to work for a company that gives lots of perks, because I would find this enjoyable. 


8. Financial rewards = any form of money payment ( e.g salary, pension, commission and …)

  • هر نوعی از پرداخت های مالی مانند حقوق، حقوق بازنشستگی، کمیسیون های پروژه ها و … )

Ex: Being a primary teacher may be satisfying, but the financial rewards are not high.

 

9. bonuses = money given in addition to salary usually in return for achieving targets

  • سود هایی که علاوه بر حقوق داده  می شود.

Ex: Apparently some investment bankers can earn millions of bucks in bonuses


10. incentives = any reward that makes people work harder

  • تشویقی – محرک

Ex: some employers offer vacations or parties as incentives if them hits its sales targets.


11. job satisfaction = enjoyment of a job for non-financial reasons

  • رضایت شغلی

Ex: In my opinion, job satisfaction is important than a big salary. 


12. target-related = dependent on hitting a target

  • مرتبط با اهداف شغلی

Ex: My boss once offered me a target-related bonus, but it was almost impossible to achieve!

 

13. on the job training = training while working, not by leaving work to go to college etc

  • آموزش ضمن خدمت 

Ex: My sister has found that the on the job training she gets at her bank is very useful, and she has progressed well because of this.

 

14. ongoing training = training throughout your time in a job, not just at the start.

  • کارآموزی

Ex: I enjoyed my work at the airline at first, but I soon found that there was no ongoing training and my skills were not really developed. 

 

15. day release programmes = programmes of training or education when employees can spend entire out of work.

  • فعالیت های فوق برنامه یک شرکت

Ex: I feel that employers should be much more flexible regarding training, for example by subsidizing day release programmes or job exchanges with other companies.

 

16. carrier progression = the ability to advance your carrier 

  • پیشرفت شغلی

Ex: As far as I know, you had told me we would have career progression in this company yet there is no news of that.

 

17. job prospects = the possibility of promotion or higher level work in future. 

  • آینده شغلی

Ex: I remember an interview when the employer told me there were excellent job prospects in their firm for young people. In reality, this was not really true.

 

18. to measure = to assess the dimension of something 

  • ارزیابی کردن

Ex: Job satisfaction is extremely important, but it is not measurable. 

 

19. superficial = not addressing deep or important issues

  • سطحی

Ex: The sore was superficial, so it was recovered very quickly. 

 

20. performance reviews/appraisals = meeting at which an employer gives feedback to a worker on their work over a fixed period. 

  • ارزیابی عملکرد {کارمند یا مجموعه}

Ex: I remember being worried about mu job at first, but at my six month appraisal my manager told me she pleased with my efforts.

 

21. redundancy = a situation where a worker loses their job because of changes in the company.

  • تعدیل نیرو

Ex: In my home town, the textile factories have closed and many people have been made redundant.

 

22. to restructure = to change the organisation of a company 

  • تغییر در سازماندهی یک مجموعه 

Ex: we used to have a large training department in my office, but in our recent restructure it was eliminated and the staff were made redundant. 

 

23. to downsize =to make an organisation smaller and employ fewer people

  • جمع و جور کردن { تنزل شرکتی }

Ex: My father’s college used to employ almost on thousand people, but then it downsized and now has less five hundred.

 

24. to outsource = to stop doing work inside the company and send it to other companies or other countries, usually to save money. 

  • کار در خارج از محل کار اصلی

Ex: Many American companies have outsourced their IT operations to Asian countries, where productivity is similar but the salaries is lower.

 

25. the workforce = the total number of people working in an organisation or company

  • نیروی کار

Ex: My father’s college used to employ almost on thousand people, but then it downsized and now has less five hundred.

 

26. human resources the department in a company which manages recruitment, employment and training.

  • منابع انسانی

Ex: I plan to work in the HR ( human resource ) are of the oil industry, possibly in the Middle East. 

 

Hint: Remember, please don’t try to learn or memorize all of theses words immediately. Go through the whole book from Module 1 to 10 (for instance you can see Module 2 after this unit), and try to practice using a small group of words from all of the Modules, the go back and expand on each group. 

 

تک ستارهدو ستارهسه ستارهچهار ستارهپنج ستاره (هنوز امتیازی ثبت نشده است)
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